Center City includes the central business district and central neighborhoods of Philadelphia, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Center City is bounded by South Street to the south, the Delaware River to the east, the Schuylkill River to the west, and Spring Garden Street to the north.
Among Center City’s neighborhoods and districts are Penn’s Landing, Old City, Society Hill, South Street, Washington Square West, Market East, Chinatown, Logan Square, the Museum District (located along the Ben Franklin Parkway), Rittenhouse Square, Fitler Square, the Avenue of the Arts (South Broad Street), and Jewelers’ Row. Center City is home to most of Philadelphia’s tallest buildings, including Philadelphia’s City Hall, the second tallest masonry building in the world and until 1987 the tallest in Philadelphia, as well as the tallest building in the world for seven years.
Across the street from City Hall is the Masonic Temple, the headquarters of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, a legacy of the Founding Fathers and signers of the Declaration of Independence, many of whom were Freemasons; such luminaries include George Washington and Benjamin Franklin.
Residents are within the School District of Philadelphia. In 2005, to prevent the flight of middle-class families, the school district and the Center City District, an economic development agency, started a program that promoted public schools in Center City and adjacent areas in Fairmount, Northern Liberties, and South Philadelphia.